What Are Powered Two-Wheelers (PTWs)?

The term “Powered Two-Wheeler” (PTW) comprises a wide diversity of vehicles. The products are divided into different segments such as moped, scooter, street, classic, super-sport, touring, custom, supermoto and off-road motorcycles.

PTWs are one of the most affordable styles of personal transport in many parts of the world. In various countries, PTWs are also the most common type of motor vehicle.

In the international regulatory environment, in particular, UNECE, PTWs are referred to with the term: ‘category L’ vehicles.

IMMA represents the manufacturing and trade industry of mopeds, motorcycles, and three-wheelers. Therefore, IMMA refers to PTWs as Powered Two and Three-Wheeled Vehicles.

The groups for PTWs category as applied by UNECE1 are:

Even though there are around 1.2 million powered two-wheelers (PTWs) within the United Kingdom, riders are often misconceived as living at the edge of society; however, this is often far from the truth. Riding a PTW is a high-risk activity, and those who cycle are often perceived as being ‘risk junkies,’ but through an in-depth exploration of this leisure activity, Motorcycling and Leisure explains that riders ride because they enjoy it and do not necessarily enjoy the risk associated. The book offers a range of modern research on riders and how they find enjoyment. The book further explores the rider goal of pleasure and utilizes Fuller’s task homeostasis theory along with Csikszentmihalyi’s theory of flow to develop an understanding of the interaction between risk and goals. In conclusion, it establishes principles of interventions with the aim of guiding intervention design and reducing the number of motorcycle crashes.